Soon afterwards, folks dug bullets buried in the walls as souvenirs. Two months after the shootout, Floyd Allen was convicted in Wytheville of killing Foster, the commonwealths attorney. Sadler said that reading Fosters handwriting gave him chills.  Deputy Samuels pulled a gun (later determined to be inoperative) and ordered Floyd to move away, and Floyd rode back past the buggy to Sidna's store where he then blocked the narrow road with his mare. Explore the latest videos from hashtags: #truckspottinginthe717 . , In another instance, while arguing over the administration of their father's estate, Allen got into a gunfight with his own brother, Jasper, known as "Jack", a local constable. V. Ray Bowman, Self: Hillsville 1912: A Shooting in the Court. Discover short videos related to Hillsville 1912 A Shooting in the Court on TikTok. This story could have been written in a Creative Non-Fiction genre. Floyd even paid their bail. The trials happened quickly in 1912 and early 1913. Edwards was one of those involved in the fight at the church with the Edwards brothers and went on to be County Sheriff for numerous terms.  In July 1889, the Carroll County court indicted Floyd for assault as well, but in December of that year the Commonwealth's Attorney dropped the case. The definitive history, Mr. Ron Halls Carroll County Courthouse Tragedy is still published and is available at the Museum bookstore. Floyd Allen was well represented by a two-attorney team. Floyd Allens case had been continued a couple of times before he finally appeared in court for a two-day trial that started on March 12, 1912. Gerald Goad, Carroll County Clerk of the Circuit Court, engineered the transfer of the documents from Wytheville to Hillsville. Two bullet holes Floyd Allens final shots in the massacre are still visible in the wooden steps. He was the patriarch of the county's most prominent family, which, in addition to owning large tracts of farmland and a prosperous general store, were also active in local politics as proud Southern Democrats. On 13 March 1912, in the Carroll County Circuit Court, . Join in supporting in-depth journalism for Southwest and Southside Virginia.  Marshall also testified he had been standing near Sheriff Webb, but did not see any pistol in the Sheriff's hand. Allen and Goad had butted heads before. S. E. Gardner, a Hillsville undertaker who prepared the body of Sheriff Webb for burial, testified that the Sheriff was shot no less than five times. Find out where you can buy, rent, or subscribe to a streaming service to watch it live or on-demand. In 1912 a Carroll County, Virginia, man was sentenced to serve a one year sentence in the state penitentiary. Judge W. R. Staples presided over the courthouse shooting trials, which were prosecuted by Assistant Attorney General Samuel W. Williams and involved attorneys Draper, Landreth, Poage and Wysor. WYTHEVILLE, Va., Nov. 22. Thousands of people wrote letters to Gov. Movies. Check your inbox now to confirm your subscription. - Commonwealths Attorney, William McDonald Foster, was a brother-in-law to one of Floyd Allens defense attorneys; Walter Scott Tipton. Hall has done an outstanding job researching this subjectt. Five people died and seven were wounded in the gun battle that followed. Mob violence, the court. 10995 Wesley Edwards, No. One bullet entered the back and ranged upward, lodging directly under the collarbone. 1982-2023 The Carroll County Historical Society, INC. - The Carroll County Historical Society and Museum website, The Carroll County Historical Society and Museum, Welcome To The Carroll County Historical Society and Museum Website, Family Search.org | Carroll County, Virginia Genealogy, Family Search.org | Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy, Mount Airy, NC Museum of Regional History. One local historian interviewed by Williamson for The Roanoker magazine in 1982 stated unequivocally that Claude Allen, Floyds son, fired first. Wesley was sentenced to sixty days and his brother thirty, which were served outside jail on work-release. Those documents include indictments, judges instructions, grand jury indictments, trial transcripts, letters and other courtroom exhibits all words left by ghosts. It also hired Baldwin-Felt hired detectives (a group like the Pinkertons). His grandfather had taken the round from the courthouse the day of the killings. I dont know too much historical facts about where I live. The book begins with character sketches of the various parties involved. The police of 1912 were not exactly professional. Otherwise, neither Sidna Edwards nor Victor Allen would have been present. March 14, 1912 - Hillsville Massacre Hillsville's history has a bit of a dark spot within it; the dark spot is known as the 1912 Courthouse Tragedy which was rivaled in the news only by the devastation known as the Titanic. There is still question as to what happened and who shot first. Upon his arrest by deputies at the hotel, Floyd attempted to slash his own throat with a pocketknife, but was overpowered before he could complete the job.. , Victor Allen, whose pistol was used in the courthouse shooting, said he saw Wesley Edwards from outside the courtroom firing a revolver through the courthouse window and over spectators' heads just after the shooting began, and later saw Edwards run from the courthouse together with Sidna Allen. Sidna Edwards pleaded guilty in August 1912 to second-degree murder, and was sentenced to 15 years in the penitentiary. She was shot on Thursday morning and lived until early the next morning. , Seven others were wounded, including Deputy Clerk Goad and Floyd Allen. People were struck, some were wounded, some killed instantly. - As a result of the deaths that occurred in the courtroom in 1912, the entire estates of Floyd and J. Sidna Allen were seized in settlement of wrongful death suits by the families of Massie, Foster and Webb. I just can't bear to see anyone drug around.". All men were pardoned by Gov. Being from below the mountain, as Carroll Countians described the community, the Allens and neighbors were cut off from the county seat in Hillsville, which in the late 1800s and early 1900s was a two-day horse ride over the peak through Fancy Gap. Howard Gilmer had traveled to Hillsville with Massie because he had a case pending in court. This is an interesting story of a time long past. The Allen clan believed that Goad shot first. But the governor refused. Generations of Carroll Countians would grow up and grow old hearing about the shootout, arguing over who the true perpetrators were, creating and dismissing wild theories and resolving nothing. When all the smoke cleared, there were five dead, seven wounded. Justice came swiftly to the Allens, perhaps a bit too swiftly for those folks who began to believe that a grave conspiracy among county officials had provoked the Allens in order to bring them down. I should do better and learn more about the area I call home. After all, he agreed hed have the boys in court? Features three historians (two that have written books about the incident)and their interpretations of the events that led up to the shooting and the consequences. But a year later the Hillsvile courthouse tragedy occurred and Sidna and his wife had only lived there a year. 272 pages including sources and a few b&w photos. Did Floyd force their release or were they released into his custody? Howard Sadlers grandfather, Howard Gilmer, who died before Sadler was born, carried the enormity of the tragedy with him throughout his short life. Photo by Ralph Berrier Jr. www.ccva.digital/1912-historical-courthouse-tragedy.html, The politics of March pressing assault chargesagainst Williams. J. E. Kearn, a traveling salesman from Roanoke, testified he sold Sidna Allen a lot of ammunition at the March term of the Hillsville court, specifically 500 each of .32 and .38 caliber pistol cartridges and 500 12-gauge shotgun shells. Although some stories say she didnt know she was shot and some say she said I am killed, no documentation exists to confirm either. You can also see some of Sidna Allens furniture craftsmanship and Claude Allens banjo on exhibit in the museum.  Sidna Allen claimed that when he left the courthouse, Goad followed behind him, shooting him through the left arm, the bullet lodging in his left side. , On the other hand, Floyd Allen and his relatives claimed Deputy Clerk Dexter Goad had fired first, prompted by a long-standing vendetta he and Foster held against the Allen family. He never wrote a damn word about the most significant event in his life, Sadler said. As the late Roanoke writer and broadcaster Seth Williamson wrote in The Roanoker magazine in 1982, the Allen men were not a race of mild country squires.. The Stories podcast uses the following music as its opening and closing themes: I Have Often Told You Stories (guitar instrumental) by Ivan Chew (c) copyright 2013 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (3.0) license. The deputies, though, accused Floyd of forcibly freeing the brothers, assaulting the lawmen and smashing Deputy Samuels pistol against a rock. , Deputy Samuels was left lying unconscious in a ditch, and his horses were run off. When all the smoke cleared, there were five dead, seven wounded. Despite taking his nephews to jail himself, Floyd was accused that he did feloniously and forcably [sic] rescue his nephews, according to a grand jury indictment. While the state legislature still appointed circuit judges, the new system reduced the ability of individual delegates to ensure that their preferred judge was selected for their particular county; furthermore, judges could no longer practice law for private clients while on the bench, and as regional judges their susceptibility to local influence and public opinion was reduced. Such an interesting, but tragic, history, Jeff! The new system appointed a full-time judge to hold court at scheduled intervals in a circuit of several counties. 2023 TheTVDB.com, A Whip Media Company. Two of whom, Sidna and his nephew Wesley, in Des Moines, Iowa where they were starting a new life. He died there in 1953. To see this handwritten verdict, I knew it was the Holy Grail and Exhibit One in the commonwealths case against Floyd Allen, Sadler said. Eleven minutes later, his son, Claud, followed his father to death in the electric chair. Jack Allen denied all responsibility for the allegations of intimidation, which he stated were untrue and insisted neither he nor his brother was guilty of wrongdoing. We are the court of record.  Others consider the alleged affidavit to be hearsay, made years after the event transpired, and worthless. As the smoke cleared the sheriff, judge, and the common wealth attorney all lay dead. When the jury returned a guilty verdict against with a sentence of one year in the penitentiary, Floyd Allen is reported to have said to Judge Massie: "If you sentence me on that verdict, I will kill you. "You have no idea how much it means to me for you to be here today. Supposedly Floyd said, as the Sheriff and the Clerk of the Court approached to take him into custody, Im not going. The shooting then started. You do have some interesting local history.  Sidna Edwards had scalded his foot some years before and was partially lame, and limped out of the courthouse, riding his mother's horse back to his home. Easter ran to an acquaintance's home, and he telephoned the sheriff at Hillsville. Sadler also knew that, minutes after Foster laid down his pencil, he was dead. Other members of the family received long sentences. In several instances he escaped indictment, I am satisfied, because the witnesses were afraid to testify to the facts before the grand jury. The 1912 documents referred to in this story were scanned and digitally archived by Delilah Brady, a volunteer and director for the Carroll County Historical Society and Museum. Why does Carroll County have the lowest vaccination rate in Virginia? He wept freely as the verdict was read. Many of Allen clan members were spectators in the courtroom, most of them armed with pistols. In his defense testimony, Floyd Allen stated that Sheriff Lew F. Webb fired first, but that the shot missed Allen, at which point Deputy Clerk Goad, the Clerk of Court, fired and hit Allen, causing him to fall. "Claude Allen Convicted: He Is Found Guilty of Murdering Commonwealth's Attorney Foster", Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Allen Clan Hillsville Courthouse Shootout", The Wheeling Intelligencer March 15, 1912 p.15, Transcriptions of contemporary newspaper articles, "Mug Shot Monday Special Edition: Floyd and Claude Allen", The UncommonWealth: Voices from the Library of Virginia at the Library of Virginia, The UncommonWealth: Voices from the Library of Virginia, "Hillsville Massacre - The UncommonWealth", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Floyd_Allen&oldid=1137936144, People executed by Virginia by electric chair, 20th-century executions of American people, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, Lewis Franklin Webb, Carroll County sheriff, William McDonald Foster, Commonwealth's Attorney, Augustus Cezar Fowler, juror (died of wounds), This page was last edited on 7 February 2023, at 04:22.  They returned to their homes by traveling cross-country through the farm fields rather than public roads. At least two of the participants, Judge Massie and Sheriff Webb, had told friends that they expected trouble. A stolen kiss. According to local legend, a headstone placed atop their graves read: Sacred to the memory of Claude S. Allen and his father, who was judicially murdered in the Va. Penitentiary March 28 1913 by order of the Governor of the State over the protest of 100,000 citizens of the state of Va.. In a presentation he called The Last Witness, he recounted his grandfathers story and reminded people that, with the return of the trial documents to Carroll County, they were all watching history unfold.  Governor Mann refused a request to commute the death sentences to life imprisonment, and Floyd Allen was electrocuted on March 28, 1913, at 1:20PM. In the confusion there was a lot of shooting. He has a wonderful essay in there titled The American Geographies. He speaks of the need to understand the stories, the voices of memory over the land. I think that is why I always insist on exploring my neighborhoods by walking (or on bicycle) and reading about them. Howard, I believe thats what youve been looking for, Horney said. Hillsville 1912: A Shooting in the Court; Videos; The Holstein Dilemma. Otherwise, he would not have been armed. Much of the information was gleaned from Halls book, The Carroll County Courthouse Tragedy, and other sources. Upon conviction of interfering with an officer of the law, Judge Thornton Massie oversaw the jury's imposed sentence of one year imprisonment. Friel Allen sat in the back of the room, and the Edwards boys stood on benches next to the north wall. What follows is a genuine effort to accurately summarize the tragedy and the events that led to the bloodshed. Wesley Edwards drew nine years for each count of murder for the slaying of Foster, Massie, and Webb for a total of 27 years' imprisonment. Photo courtesy Carroll County Historical Society and Museum Howard Gilmer was a young attorney and protege of Judge Thornton Massie, who cradled the dying judge during his last moments in the courtroom.  Gilmer said he heard Floyd Allen say two or three times, "I am shot, but I got the damn scoundrel. 12 talking about this. Floyd admitted that he mightve gotten rough with Samuels. Some later turned themselves in. - Sidna Edwards presence at Floyd Allens trial was requested by Floyds lawyers. For a while, Hillsville was at the top of the nation's newspaper. Terribly tragic. At the 2020 census the population was 186247.5 Located in the  On February 1, 1908, the Allens were convicted of the charge and sentenced to ten days in jail and a fine of $10. In 1921, however, Victor moved his family to Tabernacle Township, New Jersey. Attorney Howard C. Gilmer, of Pulaski, Virginia, was at Hillsville Courthouse in a room adjoining Judge Massie's courtroom when the shooting broke out. The property is now listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The jury fixed the penalty at fifteen years in the penitentiary. After a fusillade of shots, the Allen clan left the courthouse, armed with pistols and 12-gauge pump shotguns and shooting as they ran. His grandfather, Howard Gilmer, was a young attorney who had been in Hillsville that day, and he was one of the last people to comfort the mortally wounded judge, Thornton Massie, Gilmers neighbor and mentor back home in Pulaski. Then a cacophony of gunfire. Send any friend a story As a subscriber, you have 10 gift articles to give each month. As the smoke cleared the sheriff, judge, and the common wealth attorney all lay dead. On the cold Spring morning of March 14th, 1912 shots rang out inside the tiny mountain courtroom. V. Ray Bowman is known for Hillsville 1912: A Shooting in the Court (2011). In 2015 or so, Sadler also found a .38 caliber bullet among the keepsakes. Samuels' departure forced Commonwealth's Attorney William M. Foster to rely on testimony from Deputy Easter. The exciting story of the Allen family and the officials who tried to bring them to justice. Such tampering hindered the ability to link bullets to the guns fire or the direction from which they came.  There was only one set of handcuffs, and because Sidna Edwards had tried to escape a couple of times, Wesley was handcuffed in the front seat of the buggy and Sidna was tied in the back seat. The discovered papers do little to shed new light in the darkended corners of the tragedy. COOPERSTOWN NEW YORK POSTCARD~Orphanage Building/House~Cart 1911 (#185750574261) l***n (1544) - Feedback left by buyer l***n (1544). The play was still occasionally performed before the pandemic. Courthouse Productions will stage "Thunder in the Hills" again at the historic Carroll County Courthouse, North Main Street, Hillsville, Virginia, beginning April 7. , Within a month, all suspected shooters were in custody, except Sidna Allen and Wesley Edwards. Floyd said that Commonwealth's Attorney Foster would not give him a show;[clarification needed] but that if he did not there would be a "big hole put in the court house." Judge Massie, Sheriff Webb, Commonwealth's Attorney Foster, and the jury foreman (Augustus C. Fowler), were all hit and died of their wounds sustained in the crossfire. As gunmen spilled from the courthouse taking their battle through the downtown streets, the judge, sheriff, and Commonwealth Attorney lay dead in the smoke-filled courtroom. Floyd?  Floyd Allen later stated that he never intended to have the boys set completely free, he just wanted them to be released from their manacles. At one time, there was another store and a tannery and a number of dairies and some local micro-distilleries (before they became popular or legal). Hillsville Diner. While there, Wesley kissed a girl who was romantically linked to a local youth, Will Thomas, which led to an altercation between the two young men. Jack Allen lost his job as constable as a result of the Hillsville shooting, and soon his life. As the smoke cleared the sheriff, judge, and the common wealth attorney all lay dead. The exciting story of the Allen family and the officials who tried to bring them to justice. Interesting, the real Mayberry is along the Blue Ridge, in Patrick County, but just east of Carroll County. Sadler pored over available documents from the murder trials, but he lamented that many original 1912 exhibits were lost. And his brother thirty, which were served outside jail on work-release looking for, Horney.... 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